- A Protestant is one kind of Christian who does not follow Roman Catholic beliefs. The Protestants split from the Roman Catholic Church in the 1500s. The word "Protestant" comes from "protest" because they were protesting against the excesses of the Church at that time.
- Catholicism often means the Roman Catholic Church. Sometimes it also refers to the Eastern Orthodox Churches, or other Churches that believe in the great lists of Christian beliefs called "creeds" (from the Latin word credo, meaning "I believe"), such as the Anglican Church. The word catholic means "everywhere or universal"...
- Catholics are led by the Pope in Rome. Protestants are led by their own leadership and are independent of Rome
- Catholics have Seven sacraments - Protestants usually have only two
- Catholics have morality based on Natural Law. Protestants have a much wider moral philosophy.
- Catholics have Saints who they teach intercede for the living. Protestants do not canonise people as Saints, however some Protestant churches do celebrate feast days of Saints.
- Catholics have specific beliefs about redemption and the afterlife: Hell, Purgatory and Heaven. Protestants do not teach of a Purgatory.
Anglican Catholic Answer!
What is the difference between a protestant and a catholic
Traditionally a Protestant is a follower of the doctrines of Luther! Since the reformation the term has been used carelessly to blanket all the Christian Sects. Interestingly even the Roman Church has been known to claim to be ,'Protestant,' . In a letter to the British Government in 1791 The Romish Church in England described themselves as,"Protestant Catholic Dissenters.' (Cal.S.P.)The (Anglican) Church in England has never used the term in a theological sense, rejecting it firmly. It was however used by various individuals to show their opposition to papal interference in English Politics, but not the Religion.
It is to be understood, that there is not a protestant religion or protestant church only a group of Christian Sects.
"Catholicism often means the Roman Catholic Church,"
Catholicism' is that Church founded by Christ in an upper room in Jerusalem. Membership is gained by baptism, that is by water and sound words. After this one becomes a Member of Christ and a Child of `God. The sound words needed prior to baptism come from the Revelation of Christ once revealed to the saints, entered in to scriptures and interpreted, explained and completed by the bench of Bishops through the Seven Ecumenical Councils.
'''''Catholics are led by the Pope in Rome.!
There is nothing in Revelation, Scripture or Holy Tradition, that gives any authority to the Bishop of Rome to assume leadership , beyond the duties of any other bishop of the Church! What authority he has was devolved from his close proximity to the Roman Emperors in the days of the early church! In those times the Bishop of Rome was technically parish priest to the Christian Emperors and found themselves used as a virtual civil servant whilst the Church, in Rome, became a Dep't of State. Because of their willingness to please, the popes were given the use of the Roman Police, or ,'Stasi,' to enforce their own will!
What we know of today as the Roman Catholic Church is not the product of Revelation of Scripture, but the end product of the Council of Trent,(1545/64) when a small number of Catholic Bishops abandoned their responsibilities on to the shoulders of the Roman Prelate! At this Council the new church abandoned the Pauline injunctions to ,'Save the Deposit,' and did in fact add to the Revelation of Christ, thus creating itself a new Catholic Sect, the Holy Roman Church!
Further reading. Ecclesiastical History of the English Church. in Eight Vols. Bishop J. Collier!