Guru Gobind Singh (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ, IPA: [gʊɾu gobɪnd sɪ́ŋg]); 22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) was the tenth Guru of Sikhism. He was born in Sikh Hunjan near Patna, Bihar in India and became a Guru on 11 November 1675, at the age of nine years, succeeding his father Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was the leader of the Sikh faith, a warrior, a poet, and a philosopher. In the Sikh society, Guru Gobind Singh is considered an epitome of chivalry; scholar, skilled in horsemanship, armed combat, chivalrous, and generous in character
Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa, the form of Sikhism which we know today.
Khalsa Sikhism has the 5 K's
Khalsa Sikhism has five elements: 5 K's which are the things Sikhs wear at all times. They are:
- Having unshorn/cut hair. This is called Kes. One must, whether male or female, is required to keep their Kes covered, whether it be in the form of a turban, bandana, or a scarf (Chunni)
- Having a wooden comb in their hair. This is called Kangha. This symbolizes cleanliness which is an important part of Sikhism.
- Having an iron bracelet. This is for protection and physical reminder that a one is bound to the Guru. This is called Kara.
- Wearing cotton underwear that does not always have to be used as underwear. This is called Kachera. It is a reminder to stay away from lust and attachment.
- Carrying a sword with oneself. This is worn to defend one's faith and protect the weak. This is called Kirpan. It is only to be used in self-defence.
- A Kirpan