Nanak's Disappearance And ExperienceEdit
One morning Nanak failed to return from his ablutions. His clothes were found on the river bank and the towns people concluded that he had drowned. Daulat Khan (the town administrator) had the river dragged but no body was discovered. After three days Nanak reappeared but remained silent. It was the next day before he spoke and then he made the enigmatic pronouncement:
There is neither Hindu nor Mussulman so whose path shall I follow? I shall follow God's path. God is neither Hindu nor Mussulman and the path which I follow is God's.
Explaining what had happened to him, he told that he was taken to the court of God and escorted into his presence. There a cup was filled with armrit (nectar) and was given to him with the command, This is the cup of the adoration of God's name. Drink it. I am with you. I bless you and raise you up. Whoever remembers you will enjoy my favour. Go, rejoice in my name and teach others to do so. I have bestowed the gift of my name upon you. Let this be your calling.
It is said that his first poetic utterance after this experience was the Mool Mantra in which the concept of the divinity which he had experienced is encapsulated.
The Mool Mantra (also spelled Mul Manthra) is the foundational chant contained within the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of the Sikhs. It forms the basis of Sikhism. The word Mool means "main" or "root".
Mantra is a prayer, hymn or sacred formula that embodies Divinity or that aspect of God which is invoked. A mantra is that which saves through constant reflection on the meaning. From man, formula or sound symbol which is meditated on, and thra, which saves.
Together the words Mool Mantra mean the main chant or "root verse". It's importance is emphasised by the fact that it is the first composition to appear in the scripture of the Sikhs (Guru Granth Sahib) and it appears before the commencement of the main section or chapters.
The Mool Mantra is said to be the first composition uttered by Guru Nanak upon enlightenment at the age of about 30. This mantra forms the foundation of Sikhism, for it encapsulates the entire theology of Sikhism. When a person begins to learn Gurbani (learn the sacred scriptures) this is the first verse that most would learn.
|There is one God.||Ek Onkar|
|His Name is everlasting.||Satnam|
|He is the Creator.||Karta|
|He is present throught His Creation.||Purakh|
|He fears none.||Nirbhao|
|He hates none.||Nirvair|
|His existence is immortal.||Akal Murat|
|He is not born, nor does He die.||Ajuni|
|He is self-illuminated.||Saibhang|
|He is realized through the grace of the Guru.||Gur prasad|
A simple rendition of this into English is, The True One and only Omnipresent Immortal Essence of Reality. The Creator, the Omniscient and Omnipotent, the Incomprehensible (the fearless). Before all Beginnings and after all Endings. Beyond Time, Space and Form (and enmity). Free from the cycle of Births and Deaths, the Self-manifested. The Loving Merciful Guide whose grace is sufficient for all needs and enlightenment.