Judaism. This is a monotheistic religion, meaning there is one god. This religion is different from Christianity in that there is no Hell and no Devil. Jesus was a Jew, and Christianity came from this religion. The symbol for Judaism is the six-pointed star, otherwise known as the Star of David. The most important rules that Jews believe they must follow are the Ten Commandments, which they believe God gave to Moses (who was a great prophet) to give to them. To break these rules is considered a sin.
People who believe in Judaism are called Jews. Jews live everywhere just like everyone else, and go to synagogues once a week and on holidays, the same way Christians go to church, only Jews go on Saturday instead of Sunday because that is the day of the week they believe is the Sabbath, which is the day that is devoted to God and resting from work to honor the belief that God made the earth in six days and rested on the seventh. Jews believe that they are God’s chosen people to do his work here on Earth, and that they should follow his rules and lead good lives in order to make the world a better place. God’s rules are written in the Torah, which is the sacred book of the Jews. The Torah also has stories about prophets, and some parts of the Torah are also in the Christian Bible.
The Torah, otherwise known as the Pentateuch, is the Jewish holy book that includes the five books of Moses. The Talmud is a compilation of Jewish laws and lore. There are two versions of the Talmud: the Jerusalem Talmud and the Babylonian Talmud.
There are three main sects of Judaism: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reformed. In addition to the Ten Commandments, there are other rules in the Torah about how to dress, what to eat and not to eat, and rules about living in general. The Orthodox Jews believe that they must follow every rule in the Torah exactly to the letter. The Conservative Jews believe in following the traditional rules but are not as strict about it. The Reformed Jews do not follow all of the old rules and believe that what you feel in your heart is more important than strict obedience to outdated rules.