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  • In orthodoxy, the teaching of Iconography tells that religious icons contain the reality they depict


  • If one meditates on that reality, then one enters into the reality respresented by the icon
  • there are signs, symbols and sacraments
  • Signs simply point to a reality
  • Symbols represent and signify the reality
  • Sacraments contain both sign and symbol, and point beyond that reality; they do not contain the reality, the reality is more
  • In orthodox and catholic theology, religious icons are sacramentals; hence, one may encounter both the icon and the reality it represents