- FOUNDED: Jainism is the oldest religion and has always been existed and will continue to exist. It was re-established about 2500 years ago in India by Lord Mahavir.
- FOUNDER: Nataputra Vardhamana, known as Mahavira, "Great Hero."
- MAJOR SCRIPTURES: The Jain Agamas and Siddhantas.
- ADHERENTS: About six million, almost exclusively in Central and South India, especially in Mumbai.
- SECTS: There are two sects. The Digambara ("Sky-clad") sect holds that a saint should own nothing, not even clothes. They believe that salvation in this birth is not possible for women. The Svetambara ("White-robed") sect disagrees with these points and believes that the 17th Tirthankar (one of the 24 great heros of this era) was herself a female. And they believe that even God wore clothes, initially but later donated them to a young boy who was trembling in bitter cold.
Painting of Mahavira (small painting, Rajasthan Dated 1900)from personal collection of Photos of Jules Jain